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Understanding the cost of living in Europe is essential for individuals planning to reside or visit the continent. This article aims to provide an overview of the relevance and importance of understanding the cost of living in Europe, particularly for Canadian readers. By exploring the countries with the lowest cost of living in Europe, this guide aims to assist readers in making informed decisions about their travel, relocation, or financial planning.

This article guide is relevant to Canadian readers who are considering traveling, studying, working, or retiring in Europe. It aims to provide valuable insights into the countries in Europe with a lower cost of living, allowing readers to explore potentially more affordable options. By understanding the cost of living differences between Canada and European countries, Canadian readers can assess their financial preparedness and make informed choices that align with their budget and lifestyle goals.

Here is the list of countries with the lowest cost of living in Europe (Cost of living in Europe by country) :

  • Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Czech RepublicImmerse yourself in Italy’s cultural wonders by exploring its best museums in 2023. With a rich heritage spanning centuries, these museums play a crucial role in preserving Italy’s cultural legacy. From ancient marvels to timeless artworks, they offer an unparalleled journey through Italy’s history and artistic achievements. Let’s explore some of the best museums in Italy.

    This article serves as a valuable guide for Canadian travelers planning their Italian adventures in 2023. It presents a curated selection of the country’s most renowned museums, allowing visitors to make the most of their cultural explorations and experience the essence of Italy’s vibrant heritage.

    There are The Most Famous and the best Italian Museums:

    • The Vatican Museums, Vatican City: Explore an unparalleled collection of art, including Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel.
    • The Uffizi Gallery, Florence: Delight in Renaissance masterpieces, including Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus.”
    • The Colosseum and Roman Forum, Rome: Step back in time at these ancient sites, revealing Rome’s grandeur.
    • The Galleria Borghese, Rome: Admire magnificent sculptures by Bernini and captivating paintings by Caravaggio.
    • The Accademia Gallery, Florence: Behold Michelangelo’s iconic sculpture, “David,” among other treasures.

    Also in this Article, we will cover different topics such as:

    • Top Museums in Italy
    • Other Noteworthy Museums in Italy
    • Museums for Specific Interests

    Top Museums in Italy

    Italy is a definitely country renowned for its rich history, cultural heritage, and artistic masterpieces. Well, If you’re planning a visit to Italy in 2023, be sure to explore its top museums, which house some of the world’s most iconic artworks and historical artifacts. What museums are in Italy? Here are the best museums in Italy to visit:

    The Vatican Museums, Rome

    The Vatican Museums are a treasure trove of art and history, located within the Vatican City. The museum complex is vast and showcases an extensive collection spanning centuries. Highlights include the awe-inspiring Sistine Chapel, adorned with Michelangelo’s breathtaking frescoes, and the Raphael Rooms, adorned with the works of Raphael himself. Marvel at ancient sculptures, intricate tapestries, and priceless artifacts from various civilizations. Plan your visit in advance, as the museums can get crowded. Well, Remember to check the opening hours and ticket prices to make the most of your experience.

    Uffizi Gallery, Florence

    Situated in Florence, the Uffizi Gallery is a haven for art enthusiasts. It houses an extraordinary collection of Renaissance masterpieces, including works by Botticelli, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci. Admire Botticelli’s iconic “The Birth of Venus” and Leonardo’s enigmatic “Annunciation.” The gallery’s vast collection also features art from other periods, showcasing the evolution of Italian art. To make the most of your visit, consider booking tickets in advance and opting for a guided tour to gain deeper insights into the artworks.

    Accademia Gallery, Florence

    The Accademia Gallery is renowned for being home to Michelangelo’s magnificent sculpture, “David.” This iconic masterpiece captivates visitors with its breathtaking beauty and impeccable craftsmanship. Alongside “David,” the gallery also displays other notable works by Michelangelo, as well as a collection of medieval and Renaissance art. Due to its popularity, queues can be long, so it’s advisable to book tickets in advance. Take your time to appreciate the details of “David” and explore the other remarkable exhibits within the gallery.

    Colosseum and Roman Forum, Rome

    Step back in time and immerse yourself in ancient Rome by visiting the Colosseum and Roman Forum. The Colosseum, an architectural marvel, once hosted gladiatorial contests and grand spectacles. As you explore the ruins, envision the vibrant life that once thrived in this ancient amphitheater. Adjacent to the Colosseum lies the Roman Forum, the political and social center of ancient Rome. Walk among the remains of ancient temples, basilicas, and government buildings, and get a glimpse into the city’s glorious past. To optimize your experience, consider joining a guided tour or purchasing skip-the-line tickets.

    Galleria Borghese, Rome

    The Galleria Borghese, located within the stunning Villa Borghese gardens, is a must-visit for art lovers. The gallery boasts an impressive collection of sculptures, paintings, and antiquities. Marvel at Bernini’s magnificent sculptures, such as “Apollo and Daphne” and “The Rape of Proserpina.” Admire Caravaggio’s masterful use of light and shadow in his paintings. The gallery’s intimate setting allows for a more immersive experience with the artworks. To ensure entry, make a reservation in advance, as the gallery restricts the number of visitors per time slot.

    But before visiting Italy, or any of these museums, make sure to check new travel regulations. An updated visa waiver system called ETIAS Italy, is going to change a lot of things. It will become mandatory for all travelers from eligible countries in 2025.

    Other Noteworthy Museums in Italy

    While Italy is renowned for its iconic museums, well, there are many other noteworthy cultural institutions that definitely deserve recognition. In addition to the top museums mentioned earlier, here we have five more Best museums in Italy  that offer unique experiences and insights:

    Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice

    Located on the Grand Canal, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection is one of the Best art museums in Italy showcasing the personal collection of Peggy Guggenheim, an influential art collector. The museum features works by prominent artists such as Picasso, Pollock, and Dalí. Explore the stunning artwork against the backdrop of the Venetian canals and immerse yourself in the avant-garde art movement.

    Museo Egizio, Turin

    The Museo Egizio in Turin is home to one of the most extensive collections of Egyptian antiquities outside of Egypt. Discover the captivating artifacts and treasures from ancient Egypt, including mummies, statues, and hieroglyphs. Gain insights into the fascinating civilization that shaped history.

    Pompeii Archaeological Park, Naples

    While not a traditional museum, the Pompeii Archaeological Park is a vast site that preserves the ancient Roman city of Pompeii, buried under ash and lava after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Explore the well-preserved ruins and witness the daily life of a Roman city frozen in time. Walk along the streets, admire the ancient villas, and marvel at the stunning frescoes.

    Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

    The Museo Nazionale del Bargello in Florence is a lesser-known gem that houses an exceptional collection of Renaissance sculptures, including works by Michelangelo, Donatello, and Cellini. Discover the exquisite craftsmanship and artistry of these master sculptors as you explore the museum’s galleries.

    Palazzo Ducale, Venice

    The Palazzo Ducale, or Doge’s Palace, in Venice is a magnificent Gothic palace that served as the residence of the Venetian Doge and the seat of government. Explore the opulent chambers adorned with intricate artwork and frescoes. Learn about the rich history and political power of the Venetian Republic as you wander through the palace’s grand halls. It is one of the best museums in Venice Italy.

    Most Beautiful Museums in Italy

    Italy is renowned for its stunning museums that showcase the country’s rich history and artistic heritage. From grand architectural masterpieces to intimate galleries, these museums offer a feast for the eyes and a journey through time. Prepare to be captivated by the most beautiful museums in Italy, where art and history converge in breathtaking settings.

    As mentioned above, ETIAS is going to change some travel rules for tourists who want to visit Italy. There will be new ETIAS requirements enforced after the system goes live, which obliges all Canadian travelers to apply online for the visa waiver before visiting Europe.

    Best Etruscan Museums in Italy

    Delve into the ancient civilization of the Etruscans by visiting the best Etruscan museums in Italy. Explore their intriguing artifacts and learn about their customs and beliefs. These museums provide a fascinating glimpse into a pre-Roman era that greatly influenced Italy’s cultural landscape.

    Best Museums in Northern Italy

    Northern Italy is home to some of the country’s most prestigious museums. From the renowned Pinacoteca di Brera in Milan to the impressive Museo di Scienze Naturali in Turin, the region offers a diverse range of cultural experiences. Discover the artistic and scientific wonders that await you in northern Italy’s top museums. It is one of the best museums to see in Italy.

    Best Car Museums in Italy

    Italy’s love affair with automobiles is legendary, and the country is home to some of the best car museums in the world. Immerse yourself in the history of iconic Italian car brands like Ferrari, Lamborghini, and Maserati. Marvel at vintage and modern vehicles that embody the passion and craftsmanship synonymous with Italian automotive excellence. It is one of the best museums to visit in Italy.

    Best Modern Art Museums in Italy

    Italy’s modern art museums provide a platform for contemporary artistic expression. From the innovative installations at the Museo d’Arte Contemporanea di Roma to the cutting-edge exhibitions at the Museo d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, these museums showcase the evolution of art in Italy and beyond.

    Best Small Museums in Italy

    Sometimes, the most memorable experiences come from the small and hidden gems. Italy is brimming with charming small museums that offer intimate encounters with art, history, and culture. Step off the beaten path and discover these lesser-known treasures that provide a unique perspective on Italy’s rich heritage.

    Best History Museums in Italy

    Italy’s history museums chronicle the captivating stories of ancient civilizations, medieval times, and more. From the grandeur of Rome’s Capitoline Museums to the enlightening exhibits at the Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia Leonardo da Vinci in Milan, these museums bring history to life through artifacts, interactive displays, and immersive experiences.

    Best Science Museums in Italy

    For science enthusiasts, Italy’s science museums offer a wealth of knowledge and excitement. Explore the wonders of the universe at the Museo Galileo in Florence, or delve into the fascinating world of marine biology at the Museo delle Scienze in Trento. These interactive and educational museums ignite curiosity and inspire a deeper understanding of the natural world.

    Best Fashion Museums in Italy

    Italy is a global fashion powerhouse, and its fashion museums celebrate the country’s influential role in the industry. From the iconic Museo Salvatore Ferragamo in Florence to the elegant Galleria del Costume in Palazzo Pitti, these museums showcase the artistry, craftsmanship, and innovation of Italian fashion designers throughout history. It is one of the most famous museums in Italy.

    Museums for Specific Interests

    When it comes to exploring museums in Italy, there is a wide range of options catering to different interests. Whether you’re passionate about science, technology, fashion, or have a specific niche interest, Italy has museums that will captivate and inspire you. Here are some recommendations based on specific subjects and individual interests:

    Museums dedicated to specific subjects, such as science, technology, and fashion

    Italy boasts several museums dedicated to specific fields of interest. If you’re a science enthusiast, don’t miss the Museo Galileo in Florence, which showcases scientific instruments and discoveries from the Renaissance period. For technology enthusiasts, the Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia Leonardo da Vinci, which is one of the Best museums in Milan Italy offers a comprehensive collection of scientific and technological artifacts, including exhibits on aerospace, telecommunications, and energy. Fashion lovers will find the Gucci Museum in Florence a must-visit, providing insight into the iconic fashion brand’s history and influential designs.

    Tailoring museum recommendations based on individual interests

    Depending on your personal interests, there are the Best museums in Italy that cater to specific preferences. For art aficionados, the Galleria dell’Accademia in Florence, the Most Famous museum in Italy for housing Michelangelo’s David, is an absolute must-see. History buffs should visit the Museo Nazionale Romano in Rome, which encompasses several sites showcasing ancient Roman artifacts and archaeological discoveries. Those fascinated by ancient civilizations can explore the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, which is one of the Best museums in Naples Italy, featuring an extensive collection of Greek and Roman artifacts from Pompeii, Herculaneum, and other archaeological sites.

    Specialized museums that offer unique perspectives on Italian culture

    Italy is also home to specialized museums that offer unique insights into Italian culture. The Museo della Pasta in Rome celebrates the country’s beloved culinary staple, providing a journey through the history, production, and cultural significance of pasta. The Museo del Violino in Cremona is dedicated to the art of violin-making, showcasing the craftsmanship and traditions of this iconic musical instrument.


    In conclusion, Italy is a haven for art and culture lovers, boasting some of the best museums in the world. From the magnificent art Best museums in Italy to the historical gems found in Rome and Florence, the country offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors. The significance and diversity of these museums showcase the rich cultural heritage of Italy, inviting travelers to immerse themselves in its treasures.

    For Canadian readers planning their visit to Italy in 2023, exploring these museums is a must. Indulge in the artistic masterpieces housed in the Best museums in Italy, such as the Vatican Museums, which are one of the Best museums in Rome Italy, and the renowned Uffizi Gallery also, one of the Best museums in Florence Italy. Delve into the rich history of Rome by visiting the top museums in the city, while Florence’s museums offer a glimpse into the Renaissance era.

    In 2023, embrace the opportunity to explore the Best museums in Italy . Uncover the stories behind the timeless masterpieces and experience the profound cultural legacy that defines this remarkable country. Whether you’re an art enthusiast or a history buff, the Best museums Italy are sure to leave an indelible impression on your journey of discovery.

  • Slovakia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Estonia
  • Portugal
  • Greece
  • Croatia
  • Ukraine
  • North Macedonia
  • Albania

We will also cover the following topics:

  • Factors Affecting the Cost of Living in Europe
  • Average Cost of Living in Popular European Countries
  • Sample Budgets for Different Types of Travelers
  • Cost of Living in Europe vs Canada

Factors Affecting the Cost of Living in Europe

The cost of living in Europe is influenced by several factors that vary from country to country and even within different regions of the same country. These factors include:

Housing and Accommodation

The cost of housing and accommodation significantly influences the cost of living in Europe. Factors such as location, size, and type of housing (rented or purchased) contribute to the overall expenses. Major cities and popular tourist destinations tend to have higher housing costs, while rural areas or smaller towns may offer more affordable options. People also wonder about the cost of living in Europe per month.

Food and Groceries

The cost of food and groceries can vary across European countries. Factors such as local production, import costs, and the availability of certain goods impact prices. Generally, dining out at restaurants and purchasing imported or luxury items tend to be more expensive compared to cooking at home and buying locally sourced products.


Transportation costs include public transportation, fuel prices, vehicle maintenance, and car ownership. Urban areas with well-developed public transportation networks may offer more affordable transportation options. However, owning a car or using taxis can significantly increase transportation expenses, particularly in countries with high fuel prices or tolls.


Healthcare costs vary across European countries, depending on the healthcare system and available services. Some countries have national healthcare systems that provide affordable or even free healthcare to residents, while others may require private health insurance or out-of-pocket payments for medical services.


The cost of education, including tuition fees and living expenses for students, can affect the overall Cost of living in Europe for students. European countries differ in terms of tuition fees for international students, availability of scholarships, and the cost of living in university cities.

Entertainment and Leisure

The cost of entertainment and leisure activities, such as dining out, cultural events, recreational facilities, and nightlife, varies across European countries. Cost of living European cities, for example Major cities and popular tourist destinations often have higher prices for entertainment and leisure, while smaller towns or less touristy areas may offer more affordable options.

Utilities and Other Expenses

Utilities such as electricity, water, heating, internet, and phone services contribute to the cost of living. Additionally, expenses related to household goods, clothing, personal care items, and insurance can vary across countries and impact the overall cost of living.

Average Cost of Living in Popular European Countries

When considering the average cost of living in Europe, it is helpful to compare living costs in major cities. For example, cities like London, Paris, and Zurich are known for their higher cost of living compared to cities like Warsaw, Budapest, or Prague. These comparisons can provide insights into the relative affordability of different European destinations.

Highlighting countries with lower and higher cost of living

Europe consists of countries with varying costs of living. Some countries are generally considered to have a higher cost of living, such as Switzerland, Norway, and Denmark. On the other hand, countries like Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary are often perceived as having a lower cost of living. Understanding these variations can assist individuals in making informed decisions based on their financial circumstances and desired lifestyle.

Providing average expenses for housing, food, transportation, etc.

The average cost of living includes various expenses, such as housing, food, transportation, healthcare, and entertainment. While specific costs can fluctuate depending on the city or region, providing general ranges can help individuals estimate their budget. For example, average monthly rent for a one-bedroom apartment can range from €500 to €1,500 in different European cities. Grocery costs can vary from €200 to €400, it is the Costs of living in Europe per month, while public transportation passes can range from €50 to €100 monthly(Average monthly cost of living in Europe). Healthcare expenses and entertainment costs can also vary significantly.

Sample Budgets for Different Types of Travelers

Planning a trip involves more than just choosing a destination and packing your bags. It also requires careful consideration of your budget to ensure a financially feasible and enjoyable experience. Sample budgets for different types of travelers can serve as a helpful starting point to estimate expenses and allocate funds accordingly. Whether you’re a short-term traveler looking for a week-long adventure, a long-term traveler embarking on a multi-month journey, or a potential expat considering a relocation, understanding the typical costs involved can help you plan your finances more effectively.

But before traveling to any of these European countries, make sure to check new travel regulations. European Travel Information and Authorization System, or ETIAS is a new electronic visa waiver will come into effect in 2025. But visa-free travel to Schengen zone will be possible by obtaining ETIAS only.

Budget for Short-Term Travelers (e.g., 1 week, 10 days)

Short-term travelers typically have a more condensed itinerary and focus on exploring specific destinations within a limited timeframe. For a budget-conscious short-term traveler, an estimated daily expenditure of €50-€100 can cover accommodation in budget hotels or hostels, meals at local eateries, public transportation, and admission fees to attractions. However, those seeking a more luxurious experience may allocate a higher budget for upscale accommodation, fine dining, and additional activities.

Budget for Long-Term Travelers (e.g., 1 month, 3 months)

Long-term travelers have more flexibility and may seek to immerse themselves in local cultures and experiences. For an extended stay, budget-conscious long-term travelers can aim for an average monthly expenditure of €1000-€2000, considering factors such as accommodation (apartments or shared rentals), groceries from local markets, cooking meals at home, utilizing public transportation, and engaging in affordable or free activities and attractions. However, individual preferences and the desired level of comfort and luxury can significantly impact the budget.

Budget for Potential Expats/Relocators (e.g., monthly expenses)

Potential expats or relocators planning to settle in a European country should consider a comprehensive budget that covers all living expenses. Monthly budgets can range from €1500-€3000 or more, depending on factors like housing (rent or mortgage), utilities, groceries, transportation (car ownership or public transportation), healthcare, insurance, leisure activities, and other personal expenses. Costs can vary significantly between cities and regions, with major cities generally having higher expenses compared to smaller towns or suburban areas.

Highest cost of living in Europe

Europe is home to several cities known for their high cost of living. Cities like Zurich in Switzerland, Geneva in Switzerland, and Oslo in Norway consistently rank among the most expensive in Europe. These cities often have high housing prices, expensive dining options, and overall higher costs for goods and services. Other cities with a high cost of living include Copenhagen in Denmark, London in the United Kingdom, and Paris in France. These cities are known for their vibrant cultural scenes and quality of life, but they also come with a higher price tag.

Cost of Living in Western Europe

So, what is the cost of living in different countries in Europe? Western Europe, comprising countries like Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and the Benelux nations, generally has a higher cost of living compared to other parts of Europe. Major cities in Western Europe, such as London, Paris, and Amsterdam, tend to have higher housing prices, transportation costs, and overall expenses. However, it is important to note that cost of living can vary within Western European countries, with rural areas often being more affordable than metropolitan areas.

Cost of Living in Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe generally has a lower cost of living compared to Western Europe. Countries like Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, and Romania offer more affordable options for housing, dining, transportation, and other daily expenses. Cities like Warsaw, Budapest, Prague, and Bucharest provide a lower cost of living while still offering a rich cultural experience and quality amenities.

Cost of Living in Europe per Year

The cost of living in Europe per year can vary greatly depending on the country, city, and individual lifestyle choices. It is challenging to provide an exact figure as it depends on factors such as accommodation choices, dining preferences, transportation needs, entertainment expenses, and healthcare costs. However, as a rough estimate, an average cost of living per year in Europe can range from €15,000 to €40,000 or more, depending on the location and personal circumstances.

Best Cost of Living in Europe

The best cost of living in Europe is subjective and varies depending on individual preferences and priorities. Several countries in Eastern Europe, such as Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary, are known for their relatively low cost of living compared to Western European counterparts. Additionally, smaller towns and rural areas tend to offer a more affordable cost of living compared to major cities. Well, It is important for individuals to consider their desired lifestyle, access to amenities, job opportunities, and personal preferences when determining the best cost of living in Europe for their specific circumstances.

Cost of Living in Italy

Italy is known for its diverse culture, stunning landscapes, and delicious cuisine. The cost of living in Italy varies depending on the region. Well, Cities like Rome, Milan, and Florence have a higher cost of living compared to smaller towns and rural areas. Housing prices, dining out, and transportation costs can be higher in major Italian cities, but it is possible to find more affordable options by exploring smaller towns or suburban areas.

Cost of Living in Europe vs Canada

When comparing the cost of living between Europe and Canada, several factors come into play. These include housing, food, transportation, healthcare, education, and entertainment. Understanding these differences can help individuals assess the financial implications of living in either region.

As mentioned above, you must be aware of new ETIAS regulations before visiting Europe. You can check ETIAS travel information on this website. International travel to Italy and all other countries in the Schengen area of Europe will change for citizens of Canada, as well as all other visa-exempt countries in 2025 and thereafter.

Highlighting differences in housing, food, transportation, healthcare, etc.:

Housing costs in Europe vary widely depending on the country and city. While major European cities such as London and Paris tend to have high housing prices, other European cities can offer more affordable options. In Canada, housing costs vary by region, with cities like Toronto and Vancouver known for their high housing prices.

Food expenses in Europe can also vary significantly. Local produce and everyday groceries may be relatively affordable in both regions, but dining out can be more expensive in Europe, particularly in popular tourist destinations. Transportation costs can differ as well. While public transportation systems are well-developed in many European cities, Canada’s vast size and more car-dependent culture can result in higher transportation expenses.

Healthcare systems also differ between Europe and Canada. European countries generally have universal healthcare systems, with residents benefiting from comprehensive coverage. In Canada, healthcare is publicly funded, but access to services and wait times can vary by province.

Providing examples and statistics to illustrate the comparison

To illustrate the comparison, let’s consider a few examples. According to Numbeo, the cost of living index in Europe (excluding rent) is slightly higher than in Canada. However, specific costs can vary. For instance, rent prices in major European cities like London and Paris are generally higher compared to Canadian cities.

In terms of food, a meal at an inexpensive restaurant in Europe can be slightly pricier than in Canada. However, grocery prices may differ depending on the specific items and local market conditions.

Transportation costs in Europe are influenced by the extensive public transportation networks, which can offer more affordable options for daily commuting. In Canada, owning a car is more common, leading to additional expenses such as fuel, insurance, and maintenance.

Regarding healthcare, European countries often have lower out-of-pocket expenses for residents compared to Canada, where prescription medication costs and some dental services may not be fully covered.


In conclusion, understanding the cost of living in Europe 2023 compared to Canada is crucial for Canadian readers planning to travel, work, or relocate to Europe. The comparison of general factors such as housing, food, transportation, healthcare, education, and entertainment highlights the potential differences in expenses between the two regions. However, it is important to note that these comparisons are general and can vary within countries and regions. Therefore, it is strongly encouraged for readers to conduct further research, consult local resources, and create personalized budgets based on their specific needs, preferences, and the destination they are considering. By doing so, individuals can effectively plan their finances, make informed decisions, and ensure a well-balanced and financially manageable experience in Europe.